Constitution of Guáimaro: Text of War for Justice
When the Constitution of Guáimaro of the Republic in Arms was
proclaimed on April 10th, 1869, six months after the beginning
of Cuba’s fight for independence, the revolution took decisive
steps to fight for the island’s freedom at any price.
Many did not count on
carrying out a radical war at the time because the
articles of the first Constitution surpassed the
possibilities of the
conflict declared on October 10th, 1868 at the Demajagua
located in the eastern part of the island by Carlos Manuel
Its preamble revealed the reason and need for that law of
“The representative of the free people of the island of Cuba
in its right
as a sovereign territory provisionally establishes the
Constitution which will rule the war of independence.”
If that part of the document reaffirms the essence of
independence war across Cuba, articles 24 and 25
demonstrated that the
conflict was in fact death against the colony and what it
Proclaiming all the inhabitants of the Republic free men and
(Article 24) constituted an important and strategic step in
which was considered for many independence leaders of the
However, the social justice sought by the Revolution could
not allow such
injustice to remain in Cuban society as the basis in the
The war needed men and women in order to win the battles and
western part of the island.
That is why article 25 read: “All of the citizens of the
considered soldiers of the Liberation Army”.
As simple as it is: the Homeland needed soldiers to gain its
In addition to setting the basis of the Revolution over the
which offered strength inside and outside Cuba, the
Guaimaro, as said by the President of the island’s
Alarcon constituted “a need to define a program and strategy
of combat and
those that lead the battle”.
The leaders of the uprising met in Guaimaro to carry out and
Constitution in the town located in the eastern part of
Camaguey and close
to the regions in arms of the time.
Among the top leaders were Carlos Manuel de Cespedes, who
struggle and elected President there and Ignacio Agramonte,
from Camaguey who later became an outstanding General.
The House of Representatives was born and the head of the
rebel forces was
This demonstrated that the historic struggle, bloody in the
went beyond what it seemed and the Constitution of Guamaro,
the first of
the four declarations of the Republic in Arms reaffirmed.
Alarcon recognized this when he expressed: “It was not only
a movement to
separate a colony from its metropolis and create another
It was in reality, in the words of Antonio Maceo, ‘the war