Cuba´s Independence was Forged in Montecristi
Under the motto of the Cuban Revolutionary Party, the
Montecristi Manifest announced the program for the struggle that
would begin and offered the reasons and causes of the necessary
war for the island´s independence.
Under the motto of the
Cuban Revolutionary Party, the Montecristi Manifest
announced the program for the struggle that would begin and
reasons and causes of the necessary war for the island´s
The 117th anniversary of the signing of the document by
Hero Jose Marti in his condition as delegate of the Cuban
Party and Maximo Gomez as General of the Liberation Army
commemorated on March 25th.
The document was recognized with the name of the place where
it would be
signed: San Fernando de Montecristi, small city located in
region of the Dominican Republic.
At the time of the agreement of the manifest, the region was
well known by
the public radio located at the former Armas Square and by
fiestas celebrated by the population.
After the signature of the valuable manuscript, endorsed by
Jose Marti and
General Maximo Gomez the name of the area obtained an
significance which witnessed the tactic and strategy
guidelines to follow
in the struggle for Cuba´s independence.
After several years of failed attempts like the Guerra
war) 1879-80, it was not easy to obtain a successful
outcome. It was
necessary to tour a long journey not exempt to differences,
It is just to highlight, in honor of the two heroes that
document, some important reflections to recognize the
political work carried out by the Cuban people with the
obtain the support in the Cuban countryside.
It is good to acknowledge the receptivity of the
of the Dominican people who allowed the creation and
development of the
friendship ties between both nations, based on respect and
It was necessary to cross a long period in history to obtain
In 1878, Marti sends a first letter to Gomez requesting some
on Cespedes and Agramonte to write a book while expressing
admiration towards him.
Four years later he receives another letter after expressing
on Cuba´s situation and demanded the General´s support to
prepare for the
Gomez responded and expressed sharing his opinions from
Honduras and while
offering his support said he was willing to carry out any
task assigned by
the Revolution as long as they were well organized.
In 1884 General Maximo Gomez and Antonio Maceo arrived to
New York in
conspiracy activities and the island´s National Hero went to
where they were staying, but unfortunately, although the
three were in
favor of Cuba´s independence, they did not come to an
After a profound study on the causes that made the 10-year
(1868-78) Jose Marti who fell in combat in Dos Rios wanted
for the new
task wouldn’t fail because the military leadership choose to
opinions and interests of all those that participated in
porque la nueva obra no se malograra con la jefatura militar
las opiniones e intereses de todos quienes participaban en
Under the leadership of Jose Marti, on April 10th, 1892 the
Revolutionary Party was founded with the objective of
Independence of Cuba and Puerto Rico.
It was on September of that same year when the author of the
traveled to Santo Domingo and a second attempt with Gomez
took place to
coordinate the struggle and was offered the rank of General
Liberation Army and gave his consent.
On January 29th, 1895, the founder of the daily Patria
uprising order and the following day transferred to Santo
after several contacts meet with Maximo Gomez for the fifth
After the rigorous analysis, on March 25th the two heroes
Montecristi Manifest, program plan elaborated for the
although some ideas of the Republic was announced which
would be founded
later after the revolutionary victory.
Among his claims he pointed out that it would be a civilized
war and was
not directed against the honest and neutral Spaniards, it
was not a war of
races but for the right and social justice against the
dictatorship that oppressed the Homeland.
This document constituted an example of unity and solidness
of the Cuban
Revolution exposes the criteria of the community and the
close ties of the
two generations that participated in the war of 1895 and
proof of the
profound friendship and patriotic sentiment that united
Gomez and Marti.