March 10th Coup, an Insult to Marti’s Homeland
On the wee hours of March 10th, 1952, the Cuban people were
surprised by the sinister plot to take over the country: an
uprising led by Fulgencio Batista Zaldivar, who had been the
“strong man” from 1934 to 1944.
On the wee hours of
March 10th, 1952, the Cuban people were surprised by
the sinister plot to take over the country: an uprising led
Batista Zaldivar, who had been the “strong man” from 1934 to
Once the coup against corrupt, but officially elected
Prío Socarrás, succeeded, Batista took over, repealed the
the Republic, imposed the so-called Constitutional Statutes,
House of Representatives and the Senate and started a brutal
The new regime oponed even wider the gates of the country to
interests, and with US support increased the corruption
murdered thousands of Cubans, installing effectively one of
dictatorships in the history of Latin America.
Cuba lived after that March 10th one of the hardest periods
Batista created, perfected and organized his repressive
apparatus to crash
any opposition it might arise against his corrupt and
The Army, police corps and the navy joined forces with the
Investigation Bureau, the Army Intelligence and the Bureau
Communist Activities, as well as paramilitary groups.
The taking-over completed the discrediting of old
parties of the time: conservatives, liberals, democrats and
others divided themselves into several factions and the
who enjoyed a majority among the preference of Cubans, was
an easy prey
for opportunism, passivity and division.
The coup and the Batista dictatorship fuelled the need for a
social revolution to fight the illegalities and lack of
in Cuban politics.
In the fight against the dictatorship stands out the
Generation, led by Fidel Castro, raising the ideals of the
Hero Jose Marti and of the patriots that rose in arms
against Spain in 1868.
After 5 years, 5 months and 5 days after the July 26, 1953,
armed struggle started in Santiago de Cuba, the Revolution
triumphed and a
a new process of deep social transformations Cuba needed