Validity of the 2nd Declaration of Havana
On February 4th, 1962 over one million people gathered at the
Jose Marti Revolution Square, the largest public rally so far in
history, to listen to Commander in Chief Fidel Castro and
approve the 2nd Declaration of Havana.
It was the revolutionary
response of the people before Washington´s
aggressive maneuvers backed by its allies when Cuba was
excluded from the
Organization of American States, OAS in the 8th Meeting of
Ministers in Punta del Este, Uruguay on January 31st.
With the pretext of that agreement, US President John F.
Kennedy decreed a
total commercial blockade against the island on February
tightened with the Torricelli Act and Helms Burton Law in
The Declaration denounced not only the aggressive maneuver
and the level of dependence of other Latin American nations,
essence of the US domination and exploitation and misery of
people in the continent.
As stated on the 2nd Declaration: “A great ideological
battle was achieved
in Punta del Este between the Cuban Revolution and US
represented the peoples and the US the monopolies; Cuba the
masses and the US defended the exploiters; Cuba sovereignty
and the US
interventionism; Cuba for the nationalization of the foreign
the US for investments and ignorance.
Summarizing, the US was in favor of aggression and war, Cuba
socialism, struggle and total independence.
The Declaration argued that the national bourgeoisies were
heading the fight against foreign domination although its
contradictory; they are paralyzed for fear of a social
scared for the clamor of the exploited masses.
The 2nd Declaration of Havana was a look at the future, it
lesson that the Cuban people were saying that the Revolution
Half a century later the events confirmed its validity.